Home remedies for burns

Home Remedies for Burns

Burns are caused when the body is exposed to more heat energy than it can absorb without damage. Skin and sometimes the underlying tissues may be damaged with possible fluid loss and the risk of Infection.

Causes:-

Open flame

Hot liquids/objects

Chemical

Electrical

Radiation

Look at the illustration of the skin which will give you an understanding of how burns affect the body at different levels of severity, and how to choose from the home remedies for burns to use.

There are three main types of burns;

Superficial burn which is limited to the epidermis (top layer of skin) which becomes red and painful with no blistering and complications are rare. An example of this type of minor burn might be sunburn or hot water from a tap scalding the superficial layer of the skin, these burn respond well to home treatments for burns
Partial thickness burn whichdestroys the epidermis and also affects the dermis (the true skin). It looks like a “Wet wound” and blisters may form. It is generally painful due to the exposed nerve endings and also will be susceptible to infection.
Full thickness burns affect the epidermis, dermis and underlying structures. The area affected will be charred or waxy grey in colour. It is not usually painful due to destruction of nerve endings and also prone to infection. These types of burns are the most serious in which people may die if not treated quickly. Burns are generally measured as 1% of the body area is equivalent to the palm of the victim’s hand.
Taking something hot out of the oven

This is probably the easiest of all cooking accidents to do to yourself and typically happens after the item has already been removed from the oven and is still scalding hot but now sitting harmlessly on the kitchen counter. While there is no reason anyone would touch something that is probably around a couple hundred degrees, chances are, we have all done it! First aid treatment is put the affected area of the body under cold running water for at least ten minutes and then wrap in cling film.

Prevention is better than cure so be aware of when the oven door is open and always use oven gloves when removing items. Also, just because you took something out and let it sit for 30-seconds does not mean it had ample time to cool so be careful around a hot oven or even an air fryer.

Burns from hot oil whilst frying chips

Many homes burn down each year from the misuse of deep fryers. While this occurrence might not be as common as burning yourself on something hot, the sheer magnitude of a flaming kitchen nightmare igniting your home makes it well worth noting. Of course, every home should be fitted with smoke alarms, do you have them in your home? Be careful not to overfill the fryer with oil, and keep an eye on the fryer at all times. Burning oil will more likely cause deeper injury and 999/112 will definitely have to be called. Cold water over the affected area for at least 10 minutes will help reduce the damage of the continued burning of the oil.

Burns from boiling water

Another avoidable accident that typically comes about from just not paying close attention. Dropping boiling water (or a similar hot item) is a typical way to burn yourself. Sometimes it is the result of a handle that was left precariously over the edge of the hob and other times it is a misplaced elbow bumping into something it should not have. Either way, spilling hot water on yourself is a clumsy accident that can do a huge amount of damage. Don’t allow pot handles to extend over the counter and always be aware of what you are doing around the kitchen keeping children and vulnerable adults out of the way.

Electrical burna

An electrical burn is a burn that results from electricity passing through the body causing rapid injury. Approximately 1,000 deaths per year due to electrical injures are reported in the USA, with a mortality rate of 3-5%. An electrical burn may appear minor or not show on the skin at all, but the damage can extend deep into the tissues beneath the skin. If a strong electrical current passes through your body, internal damage, such as a heart rhythm disturbance or cardiac arrest may occur. Sometimes the jolt can cause you to be thrown or to fall, resulting in fractures. It is essential to call an ambulance immediately but check the casualty’s ABC’s and if they are unconscious and breathing, place them in the ‘Recovery Position’. If they are unconscious and not breathing then begin CPR immediately.

While helping someone with an electrical burn and waiting for medical help, follow these steps:-

Look first and do not touch the victim. The victim may still be in contact with the electrical source. Touching them may pass the current through you.

Turn off the source of electricity if possible. If not, move the source away from both you and the injured person using a dry, non-conducting object made of cardboard, plastic, rubber or wood.

Check for signs of circulation (breathing, coughing or movement). If absent, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately.

Prevent shock. Lay the person down with the head slightly lower than the trunk, if possible, and their legs elevated.

Cover the affected areas. If the person is breathing, cover any burned areas with a sterile gauze bandage, if available, or a clean cloth. Do not use a blanket or towel, because loose fibres can stick to the burns.

Spilling bleach or toxic chemicals on your skin

This is a common first aid emergency especially with small children who may also drink bleach or spill it on their body. Initially for spillage rinse the affected area with cold water and call 999/112. Treat for shock by sitting the victim upright and reassure them they will be alright. For internal burns do not encourage the casualty to vomit but give them small regular sips of water until an ambulance arrives.

General treatment for burns

Stop the burning process

Remove rings and constricting clothing

Immerse or douse in water for at least 10 minutes

Take care not to cool the whole patient

Cover in cling film for burns with blisters to protect it from infection

Prevention is always better than treatment so make sure that you have all the safety procedures in place to avoid anything such as the above occurring.